Gum health is essential to strong, healthy teeth. Inflamed, bleeding, or irritated gums are not only painful, but they can also weaken tooth support, putting you at risk of losing natural teeth. If you’re experiencing problems with gum pain or swelling, it’s essential to seek treatment before your condition worsens. At the office of Maegan Elam, DDS & Associates, Bedford, Texas, we can pinpoint the cause of your gum problems and recommend prompt and effective treatment.
One of the most common causes of gum inflammation is periodontitis – a severe gum infection caused by plaque and tartar build-up on your teeth. Failure to brush or floss your teeth daily can result in plaque and bacteria accumulating on your gums and teeth. Over time, this plaque will harden into tartar, which can destroy the enamel of your teeth and cause your gums to swell and bleed. Additional factors that can contribute to gum inflammation are:
Gum inflammation is a common symptom of periodontitis, along with gum redness, tenderness, and bleeding. Better oral care habits and routine dental cleanings can help reverse these symptoms and help your gums heal. Depending on the severity of your condition, Dr. Maegan Elam may also prescribe antibiotics to expedite your healing.
In addition to swollen gums, periodontitis can cause your gums to recede, leaving gaps between your gums and teeth. These gaps or pockets can fill with harmful bacteria, which, over time, will destroy gum tissue and bone support, causing teeth to weaken and fall out.
To curtail the infection, Dr. Elam may recommend a deep cleaning, which entails scaling and root planing your teeth. Scaling removes all plaque, tartar, and bacteria build-up, above and below the gum line. Root planing smooths out the root surfaces to keep plaque at bay. Deep cleaning your teeth reduces swelling, bleeding, and other painful symptoms, giving your gums a chance to heal.